The Acadian Forest is one of eight forest regions in Canada, it covers most of the Maritime Provinces, northern New England and extends into Quebec’s Gaspé Peninsula. Although classified as a distinct region, it is actually a combination of the Northern Hardwood and Boreal forests; the Acadian Forest contains elements of both, thus creating a unique blend of hardwood and softwood trees found nowhere else on earth (Simpson, 2008). The Acadian Forest began to develop when the glaciers, which covered much of North America, began to retreat over 10,000 years ago. As the ice melted, species of plants and animals began migrating northward, including spruce and birch. Because our Maritime climate still maintains a moderately cold winter, and this allows our area to maintain a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and wildflowers. The Acadian forest is home to 32 native tree species, and range from very young saplings to old mature trees. Each tree at any age plays a vital role in this forest, and all help to keep the woodland healthy and strong.
Do you know your Acadian forests tree species? Take a walk though campus and test out your knowledge.
While the international community might recognize the maple leaf as a national Canadian symbol, the individual provinces and territories all maintain a tree that represents their province. Since our provinces and territories of Canada stretch from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean, and extend from temperate climates to the northern Arctic habitats it leaves behind a rich diversity of trees in their paths.
Do you know which trees represent each of our provinces and territories? Take a walk though campus and test out your knowledge.
** Some of the Provincial and territorial tress are missing from this list due to their inability to grow well in our local eco-zone**
The University of New Brunswick has been the home for the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management for more than 100 years.It is one of the most unique opportunities present at UNB as it offers the only English Bachelor of Science in Forestry east of Ontario.
Created out of necessity for a more sophisticated and technical approach to forestry in the early 1900’s it falls in direct line with the rich foresting history of New Brunswick. It was once remarked by Dr. Colin B. Mackay, UNB president, 1953 – 1969, “One of the main reasons for the establishment of a forestry school at NB’s provincial university was the pressing need for men trained in theoretical and practical knowledge to conserve our forest wealth”.
The selection of trees on campus hold special meaning to the faculty as the responsibility of recording each species, traits, genealogy, etc. has fallen primarily on someone with a connection to the faculty. The campus trees are one of many parcels of forestland that can be used as a valuable resource for education, conservation and scientific research.
UNB Sustainability supports and encourages environmental sustainability on campus, with the intention of building a better university and advancing UNB as a leader in environmental sustainability. The program has implemented numerous initiatives and projects on campus, including the virtual tree trail.
Currently, 41% Of the UNB Fredericton campus is naturalized green space. Studies show that green space improves mental and physical heath of individuals. Additionally, large trees can offset some of the heat island effect that is caused by buildings.
The interactive tree trails allow individuals to connect with nature, explore the benefits provided by trees, and provide information on how to identify different species. Through the virtual tree tour, you can find examples of tree species on the University of New Brunswick Fredericton campus, see detailed pictures, and learn interesting facts.